29 May 2020

This case study, developed by the European Commission’s H2020 Expert Group to update and expand "Gendered Innovations/ Innovation through Gender", examines the impact of sex and gender in the current COVID-19 pandemic, looking more particularly at such key issues as sex differences in immune responses, dosing and sex-specific side effects of vaccines and therapeutics, gender-specific risk factors (e.g. for healthcare workers and caregivers), gender-sensitive prevention campaigns, as well as the gender-specific socioeconomic burden of public safety measures.

Although infectious diseases can affect everyone, sex and gender can significantly impact immune responses and the course of the disease in the human body. Importantly, the biological impacts of the pandemic intersect with broader social and systemic challenges, such as limited healthcare, and economic and logistic resources. In the case of COVID-19, current worldwide statistics show more men than women dying of acute infection, while women are projected to suffer more than men from the health, economic and social consequences of the pandemic in the long term. Innovative solutions beyond health, such as economic re-entry strategies, product development and AI solutions also need to consider sex and gender.

Case study by Sabine Oertelt-Prigione
The impact of sex and gender in the COVID-19 pandemic

Publications Office of the European Union

Related news items

Participating in cancer research among people with intellectual disabilities

30 November 2021 Thanks to the support of the Maarten van der Weijden Foundation research was carried out into the participation of people with intellectual disabilities in (population) screening for cancer. read more

General practice examines treatment and persistent complaints COVID-19 ZonMw grant for three major projects

3 August 2021 ZonMw has granted a total of 4.3 million euros for research into the treatment of COVID-19 and the symptoms that many people continue to have afterwards (Lung COVID). The research group of the department Primary and Community Care Medicine is co-applicant of these research projects. read more

Henk Schers appointed professor of Regional Network Formation of General Practice

14 July 2021 His research focuses on innovations in the collaboration between healthcare providers from inside and outside the hospital read more

Grants for science communication at Radboudumc

22 April 2021 Scientists at the Radboudumc have received two KNAW grants, each worth 10,000 euros, for science communication. With the new fund, KNAW underlines importance of making science accessible. read more

Vulnerable Nijmegen citizens less likely to visit GP physically due to corona

23 February 2021 The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 in Nijmegen and the surrounding area led to a substantial decrease in GP consultations for patients with chronic physical health problems. read more