Radboud University Medical Center, the Instituto de Medicina Molecular, and PATH’s Malaria Vaccine Initiative will collaborate on first-in-human study of a novel malaria vaccine approach. This early-stage study will test a new vaccine concept using a genetically modified parasite to induce protection.The concept being tested is similar to that used by Edward Jenner to develop a vaccine against smallpox, the only disease affecting humans that has ever been eradicated. Jenner used cowpox—a similar but much less dangerous bovine version of the disease—to inoculate people against smallpox. In this clinical trial, based on data from earlier animal studies conducted by iMM Lisboa, the researchers will use a rodent version of the malaria-causing parasite (known as Plasmodium berghei) to determine if it can induce protection against infection by Plasmodium falciparum, the deadliest version of theparasite that infects humans.
In the study, a specific gene from P. falciparum known as the circumsporozoite protein (CS), will be inserted into the rodent parasite, resulting in a genetically modified version known as Pb(PfCS@UIS4). By inserting the gene for CS, the researchers hope to improve the potential of the modified rodent parasite to induce a protective response in healthy human volunteers.
“Bringing together the concept underlying the first vaccine ever developed, when Edward Jenner used the cowpox virus to immunize people against smallpox, with modern genetic manipulation tools, has resulted in a truly innovative approach to malaria vaccination,” said Miguel Prudêncio, who is leading the research team at iMM Lisboa.
The trial will be conducted in two phases at Radboudumc. In the first phase, 18 healthy adult volunteers will be recruited into three groups and exposed to varying, but carefully controlled number of bites from mosquitoes infected with the genetically modified P. berghei parasite. The researchers will closely monitor volunteers for signs of infection to make sure they are treated if they become ill. If all goes well in the Phase 1 study, volunteers from the highest dose group will enter the second phase of the study which is designed to assess protective efficacy of the approach.
“This is the first time we have tested a genetically modified malaria vaccine approach in Europe using this rodent parasite,” said Robert Sauerwein, theme Infectious diseases and global health. “Along with our partners in the Netherlands, the Havenziekenhuis and Erasmus MC, we’re looking forward to investigating whether this novel concept might one day contribute to the elimination and eradication of this terrible disease.”
Malaria is a disease that killed more than 429,000 people in 2015, most of them young African children. Although the most advanced vaccine in development globally is slated for pilot implementation in parts of Africa beginning in 2018—an incredible accomplishment and critically important step—researchers are still on the hunt for a malaria vaccine that can confer higher levels of durable efficacy. The long-term goal of the malaria vaccine community, as outlined in the World Health Organization’s Malaria Vaccine Technology Roadmap, is to develop vaccines with protective efficacy of at least 75 percent against clinical malaria, and vaccines that reduce transmission of the parasite in order to lower the incidence of malaria infection.
“Although much progress has been made to drive down the malaria burden with currently-available interventions, a highly effective vaccine would be an important new tool for malaria elimination,” said Ashley Birkett, director of PATH’s Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI). “We are pleased to collaborate with Radboudumc and iMM Lisboa on testing this novel approach.”
With nearly two decades of experience in developing, managing, and overseeing human malaria challenge studies for vaccines against P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria, MVI, part of PATH’s Center for Vaccine Innovation and Access, will provide financial support for the project, input into trial design, and oversight for the clinical studies. MVI also supported previous toxicology studies. Radboudumc, a leader in controlled human malaria infection with P. falciparum, will lead, implement, and conduct the study in the Netherlands. iMM Lisboa, a nonprofit research institute devoted to biomedical research, will collaborate with Radboudumc on the conduct of the clinical trial and will provide the vaccine candidate, Pb(PfCS@UIS4), for use.
Related news items
BCG vaccine is safe with no increased risk of COVID-19 symptoms says Mihai Netea11 August 2020
The BCG vaccine has a general stimulatory effect on the immune system and is therefore effective against multiple infectious diseases - possibly also against COVID-19.read more
650,000 Euro funding for research into the phasing out of medication for leukaemia patients30 July 2020
With a 650,000 euro funding from ZonMw, researchers from the Haematology and Pharmacy departments can develop a medication phasing out strategy for patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia. This strategy will be tested in practice.read more
Increased role of patients after bowel cancer treatment30 July 2020
Approximately 14,000 patients get colorectal cancer every year. Almost all patients are operated on and monitored afterwards (follow-up). In 2019 Radboudumc started a new approach to follow-up research after the treatment of stage II/III colorectal cancer.read more
ERC Proof of Concept grant received by Ronald van Rij30 July 2020
Ronald van Rij, theme Infectious diseases and global health, received an ERC (European Research Council) Proof of Concept grant of 150,000 euros, in order to make arbovirus vaccines even safer.read more
Hypatia fellowship Call is open30 July 2020
The Hypatia fellowship round with the deadline 31 May has been canceled. Therefore, the next available deadline will be 27 September 2020. Radboudumc researchers are invited to scout young potentials to fill the strategic gaps within the research themes imbedded in RIHS and RIMLS.read more
Mihai Netea and colleagues published two papers back-to-back in The Journal of Clinical Investigation.29 July 2020
These back-to-back articles investigated the effect of BCG vaccination on trained immunity. The first article shows that BCG vaccination inhibits systemic inflammation, depending on gender. The second article demonstrates that the circadian rhythm influences the induction of trained immunity.read more