Patients are increasingly participating in scientific research into their condition. But how do you do that with people with intellectual disabilities? Tessa Frankena figured it out, with the help of two colleagues who have an intellectual disability themselves. Frankena obtained her PhD on 14 January 2019, for her research that has led her to draw up a guideline for the performance of inclusive health research.The idea that research should not only be conducted 'on' patients, but also 'with' patients, has been around for some time. After all, patients are experienced in their condition and can contribute to research into a disorder from that angle. By incorporating the opinions of the patients into the design and implementation of the research, it is more likely that the results will also contribute to the needs of patients.
There is hardly any documented experience with conducting health research with people with an intellectual disability. During her PhD research, Tessa Frankena collaborated with two co-researchers from this target group. Together with Anneke van der Cruijsen and Henk Jansen, she conducted a literature study, questionnaires research, a Delphi study and a reflective study among people with and without intellectual disabilities, including the researchers. Based on this, Frankena, together with 17 experts without and 40 experts with an intellectual disability, developed a consensus statement on inclusive health research. This guideline should make it easier for other researchers to conduct health research with people with intellectual disabilities. The recommendations can also be applied to other groups, such as people with dementia.
"This way of doing research is unique in the world," says Frankena. "We used the position of co-researcher, which meant that Anneke, Henk and I collected and interpreted research forms, interview questions and data together. Especially the interpreting of data is crucial in determining the value of data.” In her thesis, Frankena states that working with people with intellectual disabilities is a challenge: “It is difficult to relinquish control. You have to try and predict, in consultation with the co-researchers, which tasks they will be able to do.”
Vulnerable groups are expected to actively participate in society. The Dutch Participation Act that came into force in 2015 is part of this commitment. The law stipulates that anyone who can work, but cannot thrive in the labor market without support, must be able to find work. Since 1 January 2019, employers who do not comply with the Participation Act can be fined. "I want to make a plea to invest these paid fines back into the sector," says Frankena. "For instance, as a reward for organizations that invest extra time and resources in hiring people with certain challenges in the job market."
Tessa Frankena did her research at the academic workplace Sterker Op Eigen Benen (‘Stronger on Your Own Two Feet’), a collaboration between Radboudumc and various care organizations for people with an intellectual disability.
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